Transformative sanitation technology is a wastewater treatment technology approach which converts waste, such as wastewater and fecal matters, to resources. A variety of technologies and techniques treat the wastewater and reclaim valuable resources such as nutrients, energy, and water for reuse purposes. Transformative technology uses biological, chemical, physical, and thermal processes to treat wastewater. The singular or combined application of technologies ensures that the water is free from contaminants and safe to reuse. It averts chemical treatments which substantially reduces the operation and maintenance cost of the sanitation technology.
The transformative sanitation technology provides a wide range of benefits to the environment, such as reducing the number of pollutants released into the environment, reducing the amount of greenhouse gasses produced, and improving the quality of life for those who rely on clean water. This technology provides clean, safe water to people in countries, where water is scarce and access to clean water is limited. Ultimately, access to clean water reduces the spread of water-borne diseases and improve overall health.
One example of a Transformative Sanitation Technology is Omni Processor (OP). OP is a community-scale treatment system designed to convert Fecal Sludge solids, biosolids, and other waste into clean water, electricity, and ash. It utilizes thermal treatment to eliminate pathogens from human waste, resulting in improved health and environmental outcomes. The sale of its end products can offset operational costs, as they have potential market value.
Another example is Non-sewered Sanitation System (NSSS), which integrates both frontend and backend to process inputs such as human waste and bodily fluids into outputs such as solid waste and effluent. It can be manufactured as one package or as prefabricated components that can be easily assembled. The frontend includes user interfaces such as toilets, while the backend uses various technologies and processes for treatment. NSSS operates independently of any sewer or drainage network. The evacuation mechanisms and backend treatment processes can range from conventional to innovative.
Transformative sanitation technology is a solution against water pollution and water scarcity. It reduces pollutants released into the environment, energy cost and provides clean, safe drinking water. This transformative technology is an essential tool for achieving sustainable sanitation and water management.